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XXth Century Health & Pleasure Resorts Of Europe – Part 6

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From the 33rd edition of “XXth Century Health And Pleasure Resorts Of Europe” published in 1933

bok_front_small“MENUS” AND “CARTES DES METS”

The policy of catering for the tourist has in recent years occasionally been defeated by nationalism. "Patriots" produce menus and food-lists in the language of their own country only, be it Czech, German, Spanish or even some less decipherable language. The hungry arrival tries in vain to hit upon something he has heard of before. Though the German "Kalbsfleisch ” and "Schweinefleisch" have the advantage of indicating the article more expressively than our veal and pork, such words as "Eierkuchen" may be distinctly misleading; an "Auflauf" does not at first sight suggest a "souffle"; the irrepressible "Wienerschnitzel " may mean nothing to the novice, and, when it comes to "Apfelsinensaft ", even the thirsty modern school boy is puzzled. Our own roastbeef and Irish Stew in their various disguises are fairly well known on the Continent, but such things as "sweetbreads ", haggis (may the Frenchman never order it out of curiosity!) rarebit, bubble-and-squeak, rely-poly, dumplings. toad-in-the-hole. cock-a-Ieekie and other British dainties certainly require translation. In Italy, the Anglo-Saxon may be forgiven for not recognising "bistecca " as beefsteak; "zuppa inglese" is confusing even to the linguist, and "ghiaccio " and "gelati" are a frequent source of annoyance, In Spain eggs and grapes, both largely produced in the country, constitute a constant strain on the memory, whilst the national dish, "ollapodrida ", even if he know it to be good, beats the novice’s powers of pronunciation.

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Filed under: Article, Facts, Holidays, The thirties, Traveling Tagged: 1933, Cartes des mets, eating out, Menus

15th Century Flemish-Style Portraits Recreated In An Airplane Lavatory

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While on a long-haul flight, when most people would sleep, read a book or chew on complimentary snacks, Nina Katchadourian spends her time locked in the airplane’s lavatory taking selfies in the style of 15th century Flemish paintings. Her series, dubbed “Lavatory Self-Portraits in the Flemish Style,” is part of a bigger piece called “Seat Assignment,” which is based on improvising with materials close at hand while in flight .

Here’s Katchadourian telling the birth story of her project: “While in the lavatory on a domestic flight in March 2010, I spontaneously put a tissue paper toilet cover seat cover over my head and took a picture in the mirror using my cellphone. The image evoked 15th-century Flemish portraiture. <…> I made several forays to the bathroom from my aisle seat, and by the time we landed I had a large group of new photographs entitled Lavatory Self-Portraits in the Flemish Style. I was wearing a thin black scarf that I sometimes hung up on the wall behind me to create the deep black ground that is typical of these portraits.” Let this be an inspiration to you next time you’re sitting there bored on a plane!

Website: ninakatchadourian.com

See more pictures HERE

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Filed under: Art, People, Photography, Portraits Tagged: Artists, Nina Katchadourian

Victorian Inventions – Part 20

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From “Victorian Inventions” by Leonard De Vries published by American Heritage Press in 1972

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While plans have now been divulged to connect the island of Manhattan in New York with Brooklyn by means of a giant suspension bridge over the East River, Mr J. W. Morse has devised a bridge which permits of a much lighter construction than a normal suspension bridge and is, consequently, much cheaper to build. Mr Morse’s project provides for transportation across the river in a giant platform, suspended by means of cables from a trolley running upon a gantry across the river. Measuring 40 X 100 feet, the platform, or traveller as it is sometimes called, has two storeys: the top floor is for pedestrians while the bottom deck is intended for horses and carriages. The car can accommodate no fewer than 5,000 passengers at each trip and it hangs at the level of the access roads, but the supporting gantry is at a sufficiently high level above the river (136 feet) to give clear passage for shipping. The traveller takes only two minutes to cross the stream, and if necessary the crossing can be made in one minute. In the course of twelve hours, 75,000 people as well as nearly 6,000 wagons and horses can be carried across.

While a normal suspension bridge requires extensive abutments and ramps to enable the road traffic to reach the bridge-deck level of almost 120 feet, Mr Morse’s transporter bridge obviates the need for such provisions. The fact that the traveller hangs only 3 feet above the water-and hence is almost at street-level-makes it easy for heavily loaded wagons to cross the river, and will also be appreciated by the workman returning home on foot after a hard day’s toil in the factory or warehouse.


Would have been interesting to see how it would have handled todays traffic if it had been built – Ted
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Filed under: Ephemera Links, Illustration, Retro technology, Transportation, Vintage Science Tagged: Bridges, Suspension bridges, trafic, Victorian inventions

L’Écran Francais Covers

This Week’s Softdrink – Malta

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Malta (also called young beer, children’s beer, or wheat soda) is a type of soft drink. It is a carbonated malt beverage, meaning it is brewed from barley, hops, and water much like beer; corn and caramel colour may also be added. However, Malta is non-alcoholic, and is consumed in the same way as soda or cola in its original carbonated form, and to some extent, iced tea in non-carbonated form.

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In other words, Malta is actually a beer that has not been fermented. It is similar in colour to stout (dark brown) but is very sweet, generally described as tasting like molasses. Unlike beer, ice is often added to Malta when consumed. A popular way Latin Americans sometimes drink Malta is by mixing it with condensed or evaporated milk.

Nowadays, most Malta is brewed in the Caribbean and can be purchased in areas with substantial Caribbean populations. Aside from the islands of the Caribbean, Malta is also popular in Caribbean coastal areas such as Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela and countries that share a Caribbean coast. Malta is brewed worldwide, and is popular in many parts of Africa like Nigeria, Chad, Ghana, Cameroon, and in the Indian Ocean. This beverage is also popular in several parts of Europe, especially Germany. Malta Guinness is brewed under license internationally.

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Malta originated in Germany as Malzbier (“malt beer”), a malty dark beer whose fermentation was interrupted at approximately 2% ABV, leaving quite a lot of residual sugars in the finished beer. Up to the 1950s, Malzbier was considered a fortifying food for nursing mothers, recovering patients, the elderly etc. Malzbier in its native form was finally superseded during the 1960s by its modern form, formulated from water, malta_003glucose syrup, malt extract and hops extract, which had been on the market since the latter half of the 19th century, notably in Denmark. Such formulated drinks are to be called Malztrunk (“malt beverage”) according to German law, since they aren’t fermented. In colloquial use, Malzbier has nevertheless remained, along with other nicknames such as Kinderbier (“children’s beer”). Some native Malzbiere can still be enjoyed in Germany, notably in Cologne, where the taps of breweries Malzmühle and Sion sell it alongside their traditional Kölsch. Many German breweries have a Malta in their range, sometimes produced under licence (for example Vitamalz).

Malta is also occasionally called “champagne cola” by some brands. However, there is a separate type of drink with this name, having a flavour and consistency more akin to cream soda. Despite this appellation, neither drink is a champagne or a cola.

malta_004Due to its distinctive colour, Malta is sometimes known as black brewed beer.

Malta is high in B vitamins. Some breweries, like Albani Brewery of Denmark, fortify their non-alcoholic Malta beverages with Vitamin B complex. Albani Brewery claims on their website to have been the first brewery to create non-alcoholic malt beverages in 1859.

Generally speaking, Malta is readily available in stores in Latin America. It is, however, a little more difficult to find in the United States and Canada.



Help Needed
I need your help visitors, both in suggesting sodas and soft drinks from around the world and in giving your opinion on the ones presented if you know the product. And you can start with giving your opinion on the ones posted already or reading what other visitors have written  – Ted

List of Soft drinks and sodas posted already
Visitors soft drinks and sodas suggestions and comments


Filed under: Food & drinks, Soft drinks and sodas Tagged: Malta, Malzbier, Sodas, Softdrinks, Wheat soda

Monica Guerritore – Italian Actress

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421_Monica Guerritore_09Monica Guerritore (Rome, Italy, January 5, 1957) is an Italian actress of cinema, theatre and television.

Biography
After her debut at just sixteen years of age under the direction of Giorgio Strehler in The Cherry Orchard (however, she had her first small part in Vittorio De Sica’s Una breve vacanza, at the early age of 13), she tied herself romantically and artistically to film and theatre director Gabriele Lavia, acting in his theatrical performances mostly strong female characters like Jocasta, Lady Macbeth and Ophelia. The couple separated in 2001, and Guerritore continued her work with other directors, like Giancarlo Sepe, in Madame Bovary, Carmen and in The Lady of the Camellias.

Beside the stage career, she also works on television and film: in 1976 along Marcello Mastroianni in Signore e signori, buonanotte, in 1977 she plays the title role in first RAI colour TV play Manon Lescaut, also, significant performances were in Salvatore Samperi’s Fotografando Patrizia (1985) and in Mauro Bolognini’s La Venexiana (1986).

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She came back to RAI in 1997, with tile role in Costanza, and in 1999, in Mario Caiano’s L’amore oltre la vita. In 2004 she plays Ambra Leonardi in Amanti e segreti, and in 2006 Ada Sereni in Gianluigi Calderone’s Exodus.

Gabriele Lavia directed her in many, often erotically toned, movies, including Scandalosa Gilda (1985), Sensi (1986) and La lupa (1996). In 2007 she plays a part in Ferzan Özpetek’s Un giorno perfetto, and in 2008 in Ivano De Matteo’s La bella gente.

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She is currently engaged in filming of Christian Duguay’s Sant’Agostino in the role of Monica.

In theatre, she also directed Giovanna d’Arco (2004–2006), and Dall’Inferno all’Infinito (2008).

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Text from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Filed under: Actresses, Article, Models & starlets, Nudes Tagged: Italian actresses, Monica Guerritore

1958 Nobel 200

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422_1958 Nobel 200

To replace the discontinued Heinkel in 1958, UK distributors Noble Motors asked an associated company, York Noble Industries, to find a suitable car. This took the form of the German Fuldamobil S-7, for which a license was obtained. Flamboyant Company Director York Noble (often misspelled as the same as the car) assembled a group of sub-contractors to build it, including the Bristol Aeroplane Company, Rubery Owen, Sachs, and local suppliers for the smaller parts, with assembly performed by aircraft and shipbuilders Short Brothers and Harland of Belfast. Noble appointed the newspaper-worthy ex-Princess of Iran, Soraya, as co-director. Even the Fuldamobil directors were astonished at the amount of publicity “their” car generated.

German Fuldas were imported while production got underway, with the launch taking place in February 1959. Shorts were now building the bodies. UK cars differed from the German in the use of two-tone paint finishes that were divided by a large Z molding, a solid roof, and they were mostly in right-hand drive form. A pickup truck, open roadster, and a kit were also produced in small numbers, but Shorts sold the molds in late-1959.

Text from RMauctions


Filed under: Article, Automobiles, British, The fifties, Transportation, Traveling Tagged: 1958, Micro cars, mini cars, Nobel 200

Louis J. Marchetti – Free-lance Illustrator

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Louis J. Marchetti (Lou Marchetti) (1920–1992) was a free-lance illustrator and fine artists. He was born in Fondi, Italy and immigrated to the United States at an early age. He attended Bryant High School on Long Island, New York and later studied for five years at the Art Students League of New York with two scholarships.

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As an editorial illustrator, he created numerous book covers and illustrations, primarily for Dell Books, Pocket Books, Lancer Books, Paperback Library, and Popular Library. His creative work extended into posters for the motion picture industry, promotional illustrations for television (I Spy NBC), magazine illustration True (magazine), Galaxy, and Reader’s Digest, as well as a series of religious collector’s plates offered by the Danbury Mint. His fine art appeared in several galleries across the United States, including the Grand Central Art Galleries (New York). Marchetti’s fine art often reflected the Lazio provincial Italian countryside near his place of birth. He was a member of the Society of Illustrators (New York).

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Text from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Filed under: Art, Article, Illustration, Paintings Tagged: Illustrators, Louis J. Marchetti

Round Britain By Railway Posters – Galloway

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Galloway (Scottish Gaelic: Gall-Ghaidhealaibh, pronounced [əŋ ɡaul̪ˠɣəl̪ˠəv] or Gallobha, Lowland Scots: Gallawa) is an area in south-western Scotland. It is generally agreed that the name ‘Galloway’ derives from the name Gall-Gaidel, and indeed the modern and medieval words for Galloway in Gaelic are Gall-Ghàidhealaibh and Gallgaidelaib respectively, meaning "land of the foreign Gaels". The term is not recorded until the 11th century.

418_galloway_01It usually refers to the counties of Wigtownshire (or historically West Galloway) and Kirkcudbrightshire (or historically East Galloway) in the Dumfries and Galloway administration council area of Scotland.

For a parish map of the counties of Wigtownshire and Kirkcudbrightshire, see Dumfries and Galloway F.H.S. map at

Galloway is contained by sea to the west and south, the Galloway Hills to the north, and the River Nith to the east; the border between Kirkcudbrightshire and Wigtownshire is marked by the River Cree. The definition has, however, fluctuated greatly in size over history.

A hardy breed of black, hornless beef is named Galloway cattle native to the region (and also to the more distinctive ‘Belted Galloway‘ or ‘Beltie’).

Early Galloway
418_galloway_02The Romans named the inhabitants of Galloway the Novantae.

According to tradition, before the end of Roman rule in Britain, St. Ninian established a church or monastery at Whithorn,Wigtownshire, which remained an important place of pilgrimageuntil the Reformation.

The county is rich in prehistoric monuments and relics, amongst the most notable of which are the Drumtroddan Standing Stones (and cup-and-ring carvings), the Torhousekie Stone Circle, both in Wigtownshire and Cairn Holy (a Neolithic Chambered Cairn).

There is also evidence of one of the earliest pit-fall traps in Europe which was discovered near Glenluce, Wigtownshire.

Middle Ages
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Galloway probably remained a Brythonic dominated region until the late 7th century when it was taken over by the English  kingdom of Bernicia. English dominance was supplanted by Norse-Gaelic (Gall-Gaidel) peoples between the 9th and the 11th century. This can be seen in the context of widespread Norse domination of the Irish Sea, including extensive settlement in the Isle of Man and in the now English region of Cumbria immediately south of Galloway. If it had not been for Fergus of Galloway who established himself in Galloway, the region would rapidly have been absorbed by Scotland. This did not happen because Fergus, his sons, grandsons and great-grandson Alan, Lord of Galloway shifted their allegiance between Scottish and English kings. During a period of Scottish allegiance a Galloway contingent followed David King of Scots in his invasion of England and led the attack in his defeat at the Battle of the Standard (1138).

418_galloway_04Alan died in 1234. He had three daughters and an illegitimate son Thomas. The ‘Community of Galloway’ wanted Thomas as their ‘king’. Alexander III of Scotland supported the daughters (or rather their husbands) and invaded Galloway. The Community of Galloway was defeated, and Galloway divided up between Alan’s daughters, thus bringing Galloway’s independent existence to an end.

Alan’s eldest daughter, Derbhorgail, married John de Balliol, and their son (also John) became one of the candidates for the Scottish Crown. Consequently, Scotland’s Wars of Independence were disproportionately fought in Galloway.

There were a large number of new Gaelic place names being coined post 1320 (e.g. Balmaclellan), because Galloway retained a substantial Gaelic speaking population for several centuries more. Following the Wars of Independence, Galloway became the fief of Archibald the Grim, Earl of Douglas and his heirs. Whithorn remained an important cultural centre, and all the medieval Kings of Scots made pilgrimages there.

Text from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Filed under: British, Ephemera, Holidays, Traveling Tagged: British Railways, Galloway

The "Spruce Girls" 1929

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426_girls"Spruce Girls" on beach wearing spruce wood veneer bathing suits during "Wood Week" to promote products of the Gray Harbor lumber industry, Hoquiam, Washington, ca. 1929

Bathing suits in veneer should be a fascinating if the girls stayed in the water long enough. Particularly as thin has that veneer seams to be. It splitts up easily then – Ted

Images found at:
University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections
on Flickr

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Three "Spruce Girls" wearing wood veneer bathing suits sitting under an umbrella and holding wooden boards shaped like feet.

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Four "Spruce Girls" wearing wood veneer bathing suits standing in the surf.


Filed under: Image Gallery, People, Photography, The twenties, Vintage Tagged: 1929, Gray Harbor lumber industry, The Spruce Girls, Washington

Oh, Wicked Wanda

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Oh, Wicked Wanda! was a British full-colour, satirical adult comic strip, written by Frederic Mullally, and drawn by Ron Embleton. The strip regularly appeared in Penthouse magazine from 1973 to 1980. In the 1960s, Ron Embleton, already a veteran comic book artist, had worked extensively for TV Century 21 comic, illustrating stories based on the television programmes Stingray, Thunderbirds, and Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons, amongst others. For Wicked Wanda Embleton painted the panels in watercolour. Frederic Mullally began his career in the 1940s as a journalist, and by the time of Wicked Wanda he had already become a successful novelist.

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Prior to the illustrated strip format, the character of Wanda appeared as an illustrated story in Penthouse, from September 1969 through to October 1979. This was written by Mullally and illustrated by Brian Forbes.

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Text from Wikipedia


Filed under: Art, Comix, Humour, Illustration, Nudes, The seventies Tagged: Brian Forbes, Mullally, Penthouse magazine, Wicked Wanda

Two Curling Teams

The Retro DIY Project – Ladder Chair

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page_illFor hanging shades, curtains and pictures. or reaching high shelves and cabinets, this sturdy four-step ladder is just the thing. It has the added advantage of folding up to form a neat appearing kitchen chair, which does not look out of place. It may be finished in the natural wood colour by shellacking only, or it may be enamelled in any colour to match other kitchen furniture.

Description and plans
in jpg and pdf
HERE


Filed under: DIY project, Retro DIY projects, Retro technology Tagged: Ladder chairs

This Week’s Retro Recipe – Date Muffins

Retro Beach Search On Flickr

The Low Drag GT

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This Low Drag GT is actually a tribute to the utterly wonderful Low Drag Coupe that Jaguar built in 1962. Jaguar made only one car with this perfectly proportioned lightweight body. A second car started life as a roadster and was converted to low-drag spec, but its rear end that was totally different to the one original, silver beauty.

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Filed under: Automobiles, British, Design Tagged: British sports cars, Jaguar, Low Drag GT

Pre-War Classics Of The Road – Part 20

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1917 Cadillac

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If De Dion pioneered the production V8, it was Cadillac who made it a triumphant reality, with their eight-cylinder unit which appeared in September 1914. Avoiding all the design shortcomings which had bedevilled the De Dion, the Cadillac engine was almost 50% more powerful. The Cadillac car was lavishly equipped, with engine- driven tyre pump, Cadillac’s famous electric starting and lighting system, thermostatically controlled cooling system and dipping headlamps. Yet it cost only $2700 in its cheapest form, and Cadillac sold over 13, 000 of this model (which remained their sole offering for a decade) in the first year of production, averaging 15,000 annually thereafter. This 1917 landaulette is typical of the early Cadillac V8, a car which inspired the famous advertisement ‘The Penalty of Leadership’ which confidently upheld Cadillac’s claim to be best, despite jealous criticism from their rivals, and which coined a new slogan ‘The Standard of the World’.

 

1918 Pierce-Arrow

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In 1918 , Pierce-Arrow ceased production of the monstrous 66, after that model’s most successful year, in which 301 were built. This 1918 tourer is typical of the final form of the Pierce-Arrow 66, with a 12ft 3 1/2 in wheelbase and an engine of 13,514cc, the largest power unit ever fitted to an American production car. In their declining years, many Pierce 66s were converted into chain-driven fire engines; total output of this huge vehicle was 1638, over a span of ten years.


1920 Vauxhall

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In 1913, a wealthy Stockport businessman, Joseph Higginson, bespoke a hill-climb car from Vauxhall. The result was the prototype of Vauxhall’s most famous sports car, the 30/98, a 4.5-litre development of the Prince Henry. Its model designation, incidentally, was apparently an oblique compliment to a rival sporting car, the 38/90 Metallurgique. Shown here is a 1920 E-Type side-valve 30/98.

 

1921 AC

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John Portwine was a butcher. John Weller a talented engineer. and together they founded a company to build the Auto-Carrier. a delivery tricar designed by Weller in 1905. Passenger versions followed in 1907. while the first four-wheeled AC was built in 1913. After the War. S.P. Edge. tiring of his pigs. became a director then Chairman of AC Cars limited. This 1921 tourer. with a 1496cc Anzani engine and transmission disc brake. dates from 1921.

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Filed under: Automobiles, Retro technology, Vintage Science Tagged: 1917 Cadillac, 1918 Pierce-Arrow, 1920 Vauxhall, 1921 AC

This Week’s Favourite Female Singer – Betty Hall Jones

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coverBetty Hall Jones, born Betty Hall Bigby (January 11, 1911 – April 20, 2009), was an American pianist and singer. She was born in Topeka, Kansas.

Jones’s father was George Arthur Bigby, a cornetist and leader of a brass band. She learned piano from her uncle in California, where she was raised after her family moved there when she was a child. In 1926, she married a banjoist whose last name was Hall but was divorced by 1936, when she got a job as a backup pianist for Buster Moten in Kansas City. She then returned to Los Angeles to play with Roy Milton through 1942, then joined Luke Jones’s trio, with whom she recorded. She married Jasper Jones in the middle of the decade and recorded as Betty Hall Jones in 1947 and 1949 for Atomic Records and Capitol Records. She recorded frequently in the 1950s and worked at the Hotel Sorrento in Seattle, Washington, for seven years. In the 1960s and 1970s she did USO tours in East Asia and toured Australia and Mexico in addition to regular dates in nightclubs on Sunset Boulevard. She toured Sweden and England in the 1980s, and continued performing into the 1990s.

A compilation of her recordings, The Complete Recordings 1947-1954, was issued in 2005. These two tracks are from a 2011 release of that cd:

   

Tittle: That Early Morning Boogie
Album: Lady Blows The Blues – The Complete Recordings 1947-1954
Artist: Betty Hall Jones 
Released: 2011
Genre:
Classic Rhythm’N'Blues

Download: 06-betty-hall-jones-that-early-morning-boogie.mp3

   

Tittle: This Joint’s Too Hip For Me 
Album: Lady Blows The Blues – The Complete Recordings 1947-1954
Artist: Betty Hall Jones 
Released:
2011
Genre: Classic Rhythm’N'Blues

Download: 07-betty-hall-jones-this-joints-too-hip-for-me.mp3


Filed under: Article, Music, Rythm and blues Tagged: Betty Hall Jones, Female singers

On This Day in 1964 – Beatlemania arrives in the US

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The four members of the British hit band, the Beatles, have arrived in New York at the start of their first tour of the United States. The young men, with their now infamous mop-head hairstyles, stepped onto the tarmac at Kennedy Airport just after 1300 local time. There were more than 3,000 screaming teenagers at the airport. Many had skipped school or work. Some were in tears and some were carrying placards with phrases such as "I love you, please stay".

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The Beatles’ first scheduled appearance will be on American television on Sunday on the Ed Sullivan show. He apparently booked them to appear after seeing the huge crowds who greeted their return to Heathrow from Sweden last October.

Security barriers
More than 5,000 fans applied for tickets to be part of the audience for the live show – only 750 were lucky enough to get them.The Beatles – Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, John Lennon and George Harrison – received maximum police protection, the kind of arrangement usually produced for kings and presidents.

There were security barriers too, without which, the Beatles would almost certainly have been crushed by the throng of screaming women.  Elsewhere in the United States, excitement over the Beatles’ arrival has reached almost fever-pitch. Their songs are playing constantly on radio stations, in shops and other places of work.

Millions of Beatle records have already been sold and a company called Puritan Fashions Incorporated, which describes itself as "the only exclusive official licensed manufacturer of Beatle wearing apparel" is marketing T-shirts, sweat shirts, turtle-neck sweaters, tight-legged trousers, night shirts, scarves and jewellery inspired by the Beatles.

Beatle wigs are also for sale at $2.99 each – or the equivalent of one guinea.

In Context
The Beatles were the first British band to break into the American market. Their appearance on the Ed Sullivan show reportedly led to a dip in the crime rate to a 50-year low as 73 million people or 40% of Americans tuned into watch. They performed the songs All My Loving, Till There Was You, She Loves You, I Saw Her Standing There and I Want To Hold Your Hand.

The band appeared twice on the Ed Sullivan show and their performances still rate as the second and third most-watched programmes in the history of US TV. Only the 1983 final episode of Korean war comedy MASH achieved more viewers

In February 2004, the Beatles were given the President’s Award at the Grammys to mark the 40th anniversary of what became known as "Beatlemania". It was accepted by the widows of John Lennon and George Harrison, Yoko Ono and Olivia Harrison.

Text from BBC’s On This Day


Filed under: Article, Music, People, Pop Tagged: 1964, BBC, Beatlemania, The Beatles

Ice Cave In Paradise Glacier, Mount Rainier National Park, Washington