Ah,sweet Narcissus, dark flower of loveliness, why is it the Freudians use you as such an altogether disagreeable symptom of vanity? We wouldn’t know, but when a girl like Bobbi takes it into her head to admire the curves we’ve been admiring all along – and then lets us photograph her in the process then the Narcissus becomes a rose by another name.
Read the whole article and see
Warning: Nudity do occur in this article. If you are under age or live in a country where watching images of nude women for some reason are against the law I take no responsibility if you click the link above. In other words you’re flying solo from here on – Ted ;-)
Filed under: Article, Glamour, Models & starlets, Nudes, People, Pinups, The sixties Tagged: 1965, Girliemags, Glamour models, Topper magazine
From the text: In memory of the celebration of the order of the 25.000end system Wilhelm Schmidt steam locomotive on October 11th 1913
This is a place I knew absolutely nothing about. The image is from a picture book on Cassel and Wilhelmshöhe I have picked up at a used book store or a jumble sale or any other of the my usual haunts. I’m a collector, if I see something I fancy I pick it up, study it and if I still like it I buy it. The photos in this book are of a very high quality and that was enough to include it in my collections.
I later learned that the bombing raids in 1943 destroyed 90% of the city centre. The city was almost completely rebuilt during the 1950s and there are very few old buildings left in its commercial centre. Seen in the light of this information these images are more interesting than I thought they were when I bought the book.
Filed under: Facts, Photography, Places Tagged: Cassel, Wilhelm Schmidt steam locomotives, Wilhelmshöhe
he The Great War was followed by two years of feverish prosperity, then suddenly business slumped, unemployment rose, and strikes broke out. Lloyd George, who with Woodrow Wilson and Georges Clemenceau witnessed the signing of the Peace Treaty at Versailles on June 28, 1919, remained England’s Prime Minister in 1920. Business was in trouble. The war had upset the world’s economy, and the defeated nations were without money. England alone had lost a million men, and the young, sickened by the results of a ‘senseless war’, closed their eyes to the past and were determined to have a good time. ‘I Want to Be Happy’ and ‘Do Do Do’ were in tune with the times. Jazz-straight, Gershwin, or Paul Whiteman’s symphonic jazz-was all the young wanted to listen to, and with Gramophones, Victrolas, and now the radio as well, they so easily could.
A popular spokesman for the new age was F. Scott Fitzgerald, who entered wholeheartedly into what he described as ‘America’s greatest and giddiest spree in history’. In 1925 his third novel, The Great Gatsby, was a best-seller; so, that year, were Aldous Huxley’s Those Barren Leaves, Anita Loos’ Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, and Sinclair Lewis’s Arrowsmith.
In celebration of the emancipation of women Paris tossed the corset to the winds and introduced the boyish, clothespin silhouette, with short skirts, bobbed hair, plucked eyebrows, and lips crimsoned to a cupid’s bow. What a witty cleric called ‘a pandemonium of powder, a riot of rouge, and moral anarchy of dress’ was, when accompanied by the magnetism of a Clara Bow, what novelist Elinor Glyn called It. Long earrings were the height of fashion; so were long cigarette holders and even longer necklaces.
Fancy dress balls had their enthusiasts, but instead of Venus, Cleopatra, or Marie Antoinette being circled round and round to a waltz by Strauss, the ladies of history were now happily backed around the room to a fox-trot, turned smartly sideways to dip into a tango, or let loose to take, as an evangelical follower of Aimee Semple McPherson said, ‘the first and easiest step to hell’, doing the Charleston or Black Bottom.
The golden-haired’ boys of business were the salesman and the ad man. With more styles of everything from cars to cosmetics, super salesmanship and clever advertising were the only ways to beat the competition. For example, the personal endorsement of a soap or cosmetic by a famous beauty, implying that you too could look as terrific as, say, lady Diana Manners (page 115), was a new and highly successful sales pitch.
The growing success of motion pictures profited other industries besides Hollywood. Millions were spent building chains of ‘movie palaces’, and more millions advertising ‘coming attractions’-Douglas Fairbanks in The Thief of Bagdad, for example, or Charlie Chaplin in The Kid, or a new film with the great Garbo, the most glamorous of all ‘silent’ stars to triumph equally in sound.
The first talkie, The Jazz Singer, was filmed in 1927, a good year for both jazz and musical comedy. A Connecticut Yankee and Good News! were big successes. So were Fred and Adele Astaire in Funny Face, tap-dancing to Gershwin’s ‘S’wonderful’-with Fray and Braggiotti at the orchestra’s two grand pianos-a sensation no one who experienced it could ever forget. In 1930 the Astaires were at it again in The Band Wagon.
The year 1927 also became a historic one in the air as Charles Lindbergh made the first solo transatlantic flight. Then in 1928 the Germans sent the Graf Zeppelin across the Atlantic, heralding a passenger air service that was to last until the Hindenburg exploded over New Jersey in 1937. While local airplane passenger service was common, transatlantic travel still meant booking on the new Queen Mary, the Normandie, or another great liner and getting a rousing send-off with streamers and jazz band.
The prosperity of the late twenties, in America particularly, where even elevator boys bought stocks on margin, hoping to become Rockefellers overnight, ended with the Wall Street Crash of 1929. The ensuing Great Depression in America, and the less violent sl ump in England, where James Ramsay MacDonald headed a coalition government, brought unemployment problems and breadlines. Paris, as if in mourning for the good old flapper days, lowered ladies’ skirts to half-mast.
In 1932 the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt and his ‘New Deal’ platform led to Social Security, the repeal of Prohibition, and a gradual return to prosperity as vast projects like the Works Progress Administration (WPA) got under way.
In advertising, the high standard set by Frank Pick and his London Underground artists inspired England’s big railways to engage fine artists like Frank Taylor. The work of Tom Purvis, Austin Cooper, Francis Marshall, and Ashley Havinden was to be seen everywhere. Two of the most successful campaigns ever brought fun to the sombre thirties: ‘That’s Shell-That Was’ by poster artist John Gilroy, and ‘My Goodness, My Guinness’ by John Reynolds. In America the realistic style of Willy Pogany, Norman Rockwell, T. M. Cleland, and J. C. Leyendecker remained popular, while Vienna’s Joseph Binder introduced to America an exciting new concept of poster design, In Europe A M. Cassandre became as great an influence on the art of the poster as McKnight Kauffer. Important photographers entering the increasingly competitive advertising field included Edward Steichen, Herbert Matter, and Martin Munkacsi. All the above are represented in the following illustrations.
On the darker side, the early thirties saw the growing strength of Hitler and Mussolini, and Spain’s civil war. The turbulent times found more people reading novels and going to the movies. The best-selling novel of the thirties was Margaret Mitchell’s Gone With the Wind, which in 1939 became one of the most successful films ever, with Clark Gable as Rhett and Vivien Leigh as Scarlett, although the New York critics gave an even higher ‘year’s best’ rating to Wuthering Heights, with Laurence Olivier and Merle Oberon.
On stage in London Charles B. Cochran was producing sophisticated revues at the Pavilion in Piccadilly Circus. John Gielgud became the greatest Hamlet, the Lunts the most popular husband-and-wife stage team. In 1934 Cole Porter wrote Anything Goes. Noel Coward was in his heyday: after Bitter Sweet came his Private Lives with Gertrude Lawrence as Amanda. J. B. Priestley was writing a new play almost every year. Rudolf Besier’s The Barretts of Wimpole Street starred Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies in London and Katharine Cornell in New York. Eugene O’Neill followed Mourning Becomes Electra with Ah! Wilderness, and Maxwell Anderson’s play Mary of Scotland saw Helen Hayes as Mary onstage and Katharine Hepburn in the same role in the 1936 film.
Threats of war continued to multiply, but even Hitler took second place in the headlines as England’s royal drama began to unfold. After George V died, in January 1936, Edward VIII became King, but before the year was out he had abdicated to marry the twice-divorced Wallis Simpson of Baltimore.
Edward’s brother, George VI, was crowned in 1937, and two years later, he and his Queen Elizabeth became the first reigning English monarchs to see the USA enjoying hot dogs with the Roosevelts and visiting the New York World’s Fair. Later that year England was again at war with Germany.
Text from “The Art of ADVERTISING” by Bryan Holme
Filed under: Advertising, Advertisments, Article, Design, Illustration, Photography, The forties, The thirties, The twenties Tagged: Advertising Artwork
From the 33rd edition of “XXth Century Health And Pleasure Resorts Of Europe” published in 1933
HEAD OF STATE (1933):
President Field-Marshall von Hindenburg.
Area: 470,664 km2.
Capital: Berlin, Population over 4 million.
Currency: Marks and pfennig,
I Mk. = 100 pfennig.
Population: About 65 million.
Density: 137,2 per km2.
Weights and Measures: Decimal system.
There is a great deal of difference between Southern and Northern Germany. "Gemutlichkeit" best expresses the character of the people of the South, "efficiency" that of the more northern races, but throughout the traveller is struck by the orderly way in which things are done, though when "Ordnung " 15 earned to excess, admiration occasionally verges on aggravation. Putting aside the beauties of nature and wonderful relics of the past in which such districts as the Black Forest and Bavaria abound, part of their charm lies in the cheeriness of the people, in the cosiness of the well-lit inns and restaurants, and the "Garten-Restaurant " .with its music and large variety of drinks and food. In the hilly forest districts, walking excursions, hiking, sun baths, car tours, are part of the local life and not confined to tourists. In large towns, clean streets, well-built houses, bright shops and most efficient transport strike the foreign -visitor. Theatre, opera and music generally attain a higher average standard than at home. Hotels of the better class are perfect in every detail and are usually provided with excellent restaurants. The more modest establishments are scrupulously clean and modern throughout. Inns for "hikers" are clean and cosy. Music, dancing, wireless and a general "Bohemianism" wile away the evening hours. Casinos still hold their sway in the Kurort. Watering pJaces provide more scientific baths and treatment than ever before. Through train-service is everywhere efficient; public cars are roomy, comfortable and heated in Winter the Rhine steamers still carry visitors past romantic spots, beautified through the glamour of a good vintage. Money may be scarce, but the German WORKS. Further, there is in most places still a feeling that the guest is welcome, or at any rate that no trouble is being spared to make him comfortable This remnant of old-time hospitality is very acceptable.
The districts of Germany may be roughly classified in the following manner:
BAVARIA: Munich, its beautiful Capital, with broad streets and extensive Parks, is the artistic centre of Germany and renowned allover the world for its Picture-Galleries, Music Conservatorium, Opera, Stained-glass manufactories, Museums and, last but not least, for the famous "Munich Beer" (a visit should be paid to the Hofbrauhaus). "The Alte Pinakothek" and the "Neue Pinakothek " are the largest Picture-Galleries. The former contain Old Masters and a collection of vases, antiquities, etc., the latter modern pictures only. Nurnberg, one of the oldest and most historically interesting towns in Germany, is almost entirely surrounded by mediaeval walls. The quaint old buildings and modern imitations of same render the town unique. The Museums are of extreme interest. Bayreuth with its famous Wagnerian Opera House can be visited from here. Rothenburg on the Taube is considered the most picturesque town in Germany. In the BAVARIAN HIGHLANDS lie the cure resorts of Berchtesgaden and Bad Reichenhall, the latter famous for its treatment of affections of the respiratory organs, heart etc.
THE BLACK FOREST: with Freiburg as its capital, an old University town and good educational centre generally, includes amongst other cure resorts Baden-Baden, Badenweiler, Wildbad, Glotterbad near Freiburg, St. Biasien and Todtmoos. Branch railways and a network of car services render access easy to all the above-mentioned places, as well as to Titlsee and Triberg and to the charming smaller intervening places. Vast pine forests, interspersed here and there with Lakes and fertile valleys, cover this hilly district, only such summits as the Feldberg standing out above tree level. This, as well as a number of other resorts are open for Winter Sports. With the pedestrian, angler and motorist the Black Forest is popular from Spring to late Autumn. Excellent shooting can also be obtained. To the North of the Black Forest on the way to Frankfurt lie Heidelberg with its famous University and mediaeval Castle, and the important industrial centres of Karlsruhe and Mannheim .
THE HARZ: Mountain resorts reached via Hanover, Berlin or Leipzig, are full of romantic scenery.
THE RHINE: as known to tourists, can be visited by steamer, train or car and extends from the fine old city of Cologne (Koln} in the North to the picturesque town of Mayence (Mainz) at the confluence of the rivers Rhine and Main. This part embraces the many romantic Castles, the famous vineyards; the Lorelei Rock, and the town of Coblenz at the confluence of the Rhine and Moselle and facing the fine old fortress of Ehrenbreitstein. The river traffic, consisting largely of immense barges, and the bridge of boats at Coblenz are interesting and picturesque. Amongst the most famous watering places in this neighbourhood and in the wooded Taunus mountains are the Baths of Ems (near Coblenz), Homburg and Nauheim (near Frankfurt). Schlangenbad and Schwalbach near Wiesbaden, and Wiesbaden with its bright Casino life and world-renowned waters. Aachen, famous for its waters, is one of the most interesting cities in Northern Germany.
SAXONY: includes Dresden which attracts a large number of visitors chiefly by its Wagnerian Operas and Picture Galleries.
THURINGIA: with its beautiful forests is an excellent district for the motorist. Amongst important towns of Germany not mentioned above are Berlin, the Capital, Bremen, Breslau, Chernnitz, Dusseldorf, Hamburg, Hanover, Karlsruhe, Leipzig, Stettln, These are all large industrial and commercial centres, and, although they may offer various attractions to visitors, they do not profess to "cater" for the tourist.
Filed under: Article, Facts, Holidays, The thirties, Traveling Tagged: 1933, Germany
Pattie Boyd and Celia Hammond in Edward Mann dots and moons helmets, photo John French. London, UK, 1965
I can’t for the life of me understand why this fashion died so fast. Dedicated followers of fashion have worn stupider things for a lot longer – Ted
Image found at Milk & Honey
Filed under: People, Photography, The sixties Tagged: Celia Hammond, dots and moons helmets, Edward Mann, Pattie Boyd
Sometimes it strikes me, I’m a grown man, maybe it’s time to start to dress properly. Wear a suit, wear a tie. And then it strikes me, ties are the most stupid piece of clothing ever designed and I forget the whole thing a stick to Levi’s and leather – Sorry fashion people, fuck you – Ted
Filed under: Design Tagged: Dress codes, Fashion design, Ties
Libella is a soft drink that was widely consumed in Germany in the 1950s and 60s. It was developed by Rudolf Wild, an entrepreneur from Heidelberg who sought to make a fruit-favored drink without artificial ingredients. The bottles were notable for their molded grooves and for their yellow-and-green logo printed directly on the bottle. The Libella brand still exists, and also currently offers a cola product as well.
Libella is a soft drink that was widely consumed in Germany in the 1950s and 60s. It was developed by Rudolf Wild, an entrepreneur from Heidelberg who sought to make a fruit-favored drink without artificial ingredients. The bottles were notable for their molded grooves and for their yellow-and-green logo printed directly on the bottle.
The Libella brand still exists, and also currently offers a cola product as well.
I need your help visitors, both in suggesting sodas and soft drinks from around the world and in giving your opinion on the ones presented if you know the product. And you can start with giving your opinion on the ones posted already or reading what other visitors have written – Ted
Filed under: Food & drinks, Soft drinks and sodas Tagged: German sodas, German soft drinks, Libella
The original P4, the model 75, arrived in 1949. It featured controversial modern styling which contrasted with the out-dated Rover P3 which it replaced, and which was heavily based on the bullet-nosed Studebakers of the same era. The turning circle was 37 feet (11 m). One particularly unusual feature was the centrally mounted headlight in the grille. Known as the "Cyclops eye", it was removed after 1952.
A car tested by The Motor magazine in 1949 had a top speed of 83.5 mph (134.4 km/h) and could accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 21.6 seconds. A fuel consumption of 27.8 miles per imperial gallon (10.2 L/100 km; 23.1 mpg-US) was recorded. The test car cost £1106 including taxes.
Production of this original model ended in 1954 with 33,267 sold.
The P4 Seventy Five Mark II
An updated P4 75 arrived in 1954 with some styling changes. A three-piece wraparound rear window was used, but the 2.1 litres (130 cu in) IOE engine continued. This model was updated again in 1955 with a larger 2.2 L (2230 cc/136 in³) version of the IOE engine. Overdrive became an option from 1956. In 1957, it was restyled, along with the rest of the P4 line, with a new grille and wings. Production ended in 1959 with the introduction of the P4 100.
This Rover 75 is a compact executive car produced by British automobile manufacturers Rover Group and later by MG Rover, under the Rover marque. The Rover 75 was available with front-wheel drive in either a saloon or estate body style and latterly, in long-wheelbase form and a rear-wheel drive, V8-engined specification. In 2001, an MG-branded version was launched by MG Rover, called the MG ZT.
The Rover 75s were built by the Rover Group under BMW at Cowley, Oxfordshire, for just a year. After Rover Group’s sale, the Rover 75 was built by MG Rover Group at their Longbridge site in Birmingham.
The Rover 75 was unveiled to the public at the 1998 Birmingham Motor Show, with deliveries commencing in February 1999. Production of the Rover and later MG badged models ceased on 8 April 2005 when manufacturer MG Rover Group entered administration. Rather surprisingly, it was offered for sale in Mexico, making it the first Rover to be sold in North America since the Sterling.
Text from Wikipedia
Filed under: Automobiles, British, Facts, The fifties, Transportation, Traveling Tagged: British cars, Rover 75, Rover Seventy Five
Agostina Belli (born 13 April 1947) is an Italian film actress. She has appeared in more than 50 films since 1968.
Born in Milan as Agostina Maria Magnoni, Belli made her debut in 1968 with a minor part in Bandits in Milan, then appeared in supporting roles in several musicarelli, giallo films and horror of Spanish-Italian co-production. She had her first role of weight in Lina Wertmüller‘s The Seduction of Mimi, then she was chosen by Dino Risi as the beautiful Sara inScent of a Woman, for which she won a Grolla d’oro, and the ingenuous Marcella of The Career of a Chambermaid, for which she received a special David di Donatello. Together with most important works, in the seventies Belli lived a season of strong popularity performing in small productions and comedies of dubious value but of great commercial success, then starting from eighties she thinned out her appearances.
She was married to actor Fred Robsahm
Text from Wikipedia
Filed under: Actresses, Article, Models & starlets, Nudes, Photography, Pin-ups Tagged: Agostina Belli, Italian actresses
Lowestoft (/ˈloʊ.əstɒft/, /ˈloʊstɒft/ or /ˈloʊstəf/) is a town in the English county of Suffolk. The town is on the North Sea coast and is the most easterly point of the United Kingdom. It is 110 miles (177 km) north-east of London, 38 miles (61 km) north-east of Ipswich and 22 miles (35 km) south-east of Norwich. It is situated on the edge of the Broadssystem and is the major settlement within the district of Waveney with an estimated population of 58,560 in 2010.
Some of the earliest evidence of settlement in Britain have been found in Lowestoft and the town has a long history. It is a port town which developed due to the fishing industry, and a traditional seaside resort. It has wide, sandy beaches, two piers and a number of other tourist attractions. Whilst its fisheries have declined, the development of oil and gas exploitation in the southern North Sea in the 1960s led to the development of the town, along with nearby Great Yarmouth, as a base for the industry. This role has since declined and the town has begun to develop as a centre of the renewable energy industry within the East of England.
Following the discovery of flint tools in the cliffs at Pakefield in south Lowestoft in 2005, the human habitation of the Lowestoft area can be traced back 700,000 years. This establishes Lowestoft as one of the earliest known sites for human habitation in Britain.
The area was settled during the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages and during the Roman and Saxon periods, with a Saxon cemetery producing a number of finds at Bloodmoor Hill in south Lowestoft. The settlement’s name is derived from the Viking personal name Hlothver, and toft, a Viking word for ‘homestead’. The town’s name has been spelled variously: Lothnwistoft, Lestoffe, Laistoe, Loystoft and Laystoft.
At the Domesday survey the village was known as Lothuwistoft and was relatively small with a population of around 16 households comprising, in 1086, three families, ten smallholders and three slaves. The manor formed part of the king’s holding within the Hundred of Lothingland and was worth about four geld in tax income.Roger Bigod was the tenant in chief of the village. The village of Akethorpe may have been located close to Lowestoft.
In the Middle Ages Lowestoft became an increasingly important fishing town. The industry grew quickly and the town grew to challenge its neighbour Great Yarmouth. The trade, particularly fishing for herring, continued to act as the town’s main identity until the 20th century.
In June 1665 the Battle of Lowestoft, the first battle of the Second Anglo-Dutch War, took place 40 miles (64 km) off the coast of the town. The battle resulted in a significant victory for the English fleet over the Dutch.
In the 19th century, the arrival of Sir Samuel Morton Peto brought about a change in Lowestoft’s fortunes. Railway contractor Peto was contracted by the Lowestoft Railway & Harbour Company to build a railway line between Lowestoft and Reedham. This stimulated the further development of the fishing industry and the Port of Lowestoft in general. The development of the port boosted trade with the continent. Peto’s railway not only enabled the fishing industry to get its product to market, but assisted the development of other industries such as engineering and helped to establish Lowestoft as a flourishing seaside holiday resort.
During World War I, Lowestoft was bombarded by the German Navy on 24 April 1916 in conjunction with the Easter Rising. The port was a significant naval base during the war, including for armed trawlers such as Ethel & Millie and Nelson which were used to combat German U-boat actions in the North Sea such as the action of 15th August 1917. In World War II, the town was heavily targeted for bombing by the Luftwaffe due to its engineering industry and role as a naval base. It is sometimes claimed that it became one of the most heavily bombed towns per head of population in the UK. The Royal Naval Patrol Service, formed primarily from trawler men and fishermen from the Royal Naval Reserve, was mobilised at Lowestoft in August 1939. The service had its central depot HMS Europa, also known as Sparrow’s Nest, in the town. Many Lowestoft fishermen served in the patrol service.
Lowestoft is a traditional seaside resort, first developing as a bathing site in the 1760s. The coast has been branded the “Sunrise Coast“. The town’s main beaches are to the south of the harbour where two piers, the Claremont and South piers, provide tourist facilities and the East Point Pavilion is the site of the tourist information service. The beach south of the Claremont Pier is a Blue flag beach. Lifeguard facilities are provided during the summer and water sports take place along the coast. Tourism is a significant aspect of the town’s economy.
Pleasurewood Hills Theme Park is situated on the northern edge of the town. In the west at Oulton Broad boat trips and water sports on the Broads and River Waveney are attractions, with companies such as Hoseasons operating hire boats from Oulton Broad. To the south Africa Alive at Kessingland is a major attraction whilst Pontins operates a holiday park at Pakefield where 160 jobs were created in 2010.
A major attraction in recent years was Lowestoft Airshow, founded in 1996. The two-day event, which took place in August, featured a wide range of aircraft including the Red Arrows, a Lancaster bomber, Spitfires and an Avro Vulcan. The event, which was run by Lowestoft Seafront Air Festival Ltd, a not for profit company, since 2004, had financial difficulties and made a £40,000 loss in 2010. Further financial difficulties, made worse by bad weather and low visitor numbers in 2012, mean that the 2012 air show was the last to take place.
Filed under: British, Ephemera, Holidays, Posters, Traveling Tagged: British Railways, Lowestoft, Railway posters
There has been some interest for this article that I posted the first year I ran this blog and for people particularly interested in early Austin and Morris Minis it’s a good idea to take a look at the messages on the article as well as checking the article itself –Ted
The article is HERE
Filed under: Automobiles, Racing, The fifties Tagged: Early Austin Minis, Early Morris Minis, mini cars, Rally Viking 1959
In 1961 the CZ (Ceske Zavody Motocyklove n.p) motorcycle factory (Czechoslovakia) produced a commercial 3-wheeler called the Cezeta 505. The vehicle used the front end of a Cezeta scooter that was attached to a tubular frame with two rear wheels. Powered by a 171cc single cylinder engine, the Cezeta came with a number of bodies including a flat bed, van body and drop side that provided a load capacity of 200kg. Production ceased in 1963.
Text from 3wheelers.com
Filed under: Automobiles, Motorcycles, The sixties Tagged: 3 wheelers, Cezeta 505, Micro cars, mini cars, Scooters, Three -wheelers
H A Ivatt builds his first large-boilered Atlantic, No 251 (GNR), also the ‘Long Tom’ 0-8-0 for coal trains.
The Midland Railway builds its first three cylinder compound 4-4-0 for express passenger work. Stratford Works, GER, builds the ‘Decapod’ 0-10-0 tank.
LNWR ‘Jumbo’ 2-4.-0 Charles Dickens completes 2,000,000 miles (3,218,600km) of running since 1882.
G J Churchward builds the first British 2-8-0 goods types (GWR) and introduces the ‘City’ class 4-4-0.
LBSC class B4 4-4-0 No 70 establishes a steam-power record for Victoria-Brighton, 48 minutes 41 seconds, 26 July.
102.3mph (164.6km/h) is claimed for 4-4-0 City of Truro (GWR) on the ‘Ocean Mail’, between Plymouth and Bristol, 9 May.
George Whale introduces the Precursor class 4-4-0 (LNWR).
Deeley introduces his modification of the Johnson-Smith compound 4-4-0 with MR No 1000.
Steam running in the London Underground tunnels is phased out.
J F McIntosh introduces the Cardean class express 4-6-0 (CR).
W P Reid introduces his Atlantic class express 4-4-2 (NBR).
(Above) The Caledonian Railway built the ‘Cardean’ class inside-cylinder 4-6-0s in 1906 to haul mainline passenger expresses. Cardean itself was the regular engine on the Glasgow-Carlisle section of the ‘Corridor’, precursor of the ‘Royal Scot’. The big eight-wheel tender allowed engines to run nonstop between Carlisle and Perth (151 miles/243km).
G J Churchward introduces the four-cylinder , ‘Star’ and two-cylinder ‘Saint’ class 4-6-0 types (GWR). R M Deeley’s first 4-4-0 compounds appear on the Midland.
A record non-stop run for Wales is made between Cardiff and Fishguard (GWR), 120 miles (I93km), on 15 August.
Churchward builds Britain’s first Pacific, The Great Bear, the GWR’s only 4-6-2 (later converted to 4-6-0).
D Earle Marsh applies the Schmidt superheater to express engines: the 1.3 4-4-2 tank.
The MR begins to extend centralized traffic control throughout its system.
D Earle Marsh’s superheated Atlantics are introduced on the LBSCR.
Sir Vincent Raven’s Z-class Atlantics are introduced on the NER.
C J Bowen-Cooke’s superheated ‘Prince of Wales’ 4-6-0s are introduced on the LNWR.
Dugald Drummond’s ‘Paddlebox’ express 4- 6-0s are introduced on the LSWR.
J G Robinson introduces his 2-S-0 goods engine (GCR); this will be the standard ROD military engine of the First World War.
Bowen-Cooke introduces the ‘Cia ugh ton’ class 4-6-0 (LNWR).
R H Whitelegg builds the first British 4-6-4 express tank engines (London Tilbury & Southend Railway).
J G Robinson’s ‘Director’ class express 4-4-0s are introduced on the Great Central.
W P Reid’s ‘Glen’ 4-4-0 class is introduced (NBR).
British companies own 22,267 locomotives, of which 10,600 are 0-6-0 or 0-6-0T.
First locomotives to be built in Germany for British use: 10 Borsig 4-4-0s to R E L Maunsell’s design for the SE&CR.
The first Gresley Pacific, Class Al Great Northern, is constructed by the Great Northern.
The first GWR ‘Castle’ four-cylinder 4-6-0, Caerphilly Castle, is built at Swindon.
The total number of steam locomotives in service reaches 23,963.
Gresley’s three-cylinder K3 express freight 2- 6-0 is introduced: heaviest eight-wheeler British locomotive.
Gresley’s ‘Garratt’ type 2-S-0+0-S-2 is introduced for banking duties in the Yorkshire coalfield. Maunsell’s two-cylinder ‘King Arthur’ express 4-6-0s are introduced on the Southern.
Maunsell introduces the four-cylinder ‘Lord Nelson’ class express 4-6-0 on the Southern.
C B Collett introduces the ‘King’ class 4-6-0, King George V, claimed as most powerful express locomotive in the country (GWR).
The LMS introduces the ‘Royal Scot’ class 4- 6-0; also a 2-6-0+0-6-2 ‘Garratt’ type for heavy freight. First British use of blinkers on locomotives to lift smoke away from the boiler, on the SR.
D Earle Marsh applies the Schmidt superheater to express engines: the 1.3 4-4-2 tank.
The original LMS ‘Royal Scot’ type 4-6-0 of 1927 was an immensely impressive machine, though its subsequent rebuilding in the 1940s made it a far more effective and efficient one.
1928 Maunsell’s ‘Schools’ class three-cylinder 4-4- o is introduced on the Southern.
Gresley introduces the A3 ‘Super- Pacific’ on the LNER; also the corridor tender to enable non-stop running from London to Edinburgh, longest in the world; the first run is on I May with the lOam ‘Flying Scotsman’, drawn by Al Pacific Flying Scotsman.
The ‘Patriot’ or ‘Baby Scot’ lighter version of the ‘Royal Scot’ 4-6-0 is introduced on the LMS. Gresley’s experimental high-pressure 4-6-2 No 10000 is built as a one-off.
Maunsell’s ‘Schools’ class three-cylinder 4-4- o is introduced on the Southern.
Filed under: Article, Holidays, The thirties, The twenties, Transportation, Traveling Tagged: 1901 - 1930, British Steam Railway
Aiche Nana, the Turkish belly dancer and stripper whose story inspired the late Italian director Federico Fellini to make his classic film La Dolce Vita, died on January 30th 2014 at the age of 78.
Nana (above), whose real name was Kiash Nanah and who died at a hospital in Rome, shot to fame when she performed a strip-tease at a restaurant in Rome in 1958.
The sequence was shot by Tazio Secchiaroli, the legendary street photographer who was the model for the character Paparazzo in the 1960 film that starred Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni.
Police raided the Rugantino restaurant while the party was still in progress and closed it for offending public morality, but Secchiaroli managed to get out with the roll of pictures of Nana stripping only to her underwear.
The photos created a scandal when they were published several days later, but Fellini seized on the episode as inspiration for a film he had been wanting to make about the idle, wealthy cafe society in Rome.
The Oscar-winning director re-created the strip scene in the film, with actress Nadia Gray playing Nana.
Nana went on to play small parts in several films by Italian directors, including a role in Story of Piera by Marco Ferreri in 1983.
Nana was one of the last major protagonists of Rome’s Dolce Vita years. Fellini, Mastroianni and Secchiaroli are all dead. Anita Ekberg is still alive, aged 82.
Text from Reuters UK Edition
Filed under: Actresses, Article, People, Photography, Strip-tease Tagged: Aiche Nana, Anita Egberg, Federico Fellini, La Dolce Vita, Nadia Gray, Nana, Turkish strip-tease dancers